Forestry policy and charcoal production in Senegal

Jesse C. Ribot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the historical, social and political-economic dynamics of environmental policy implementation in Senegal's charcoal market. It explores the relationship between urban demand for charcoal and its rural environmental consequences. It focuses on the ways in which the social and political-economic relations within the market and between the market and state shape production, exchange, regulation, and ultimately the social and ecological consequences of charcoal production and use. The article begins by characterizing the patterns of woodfuel supply and use in Senegal and by recounting the historical perception and response to environmental problems associated with the woodfuel trade. It describes the social and economic organization of production and exchange, followed by an analysis of policy implementation. It also shows that where social relations dominate production and exchange, environmental policy making and implementation will be an iterative process. Sustainable resource management is not implemented once and for ever, but will come and go.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-585
Number of pages27
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Charcoal
  • Environment
  • Political economy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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