Fold mechanics of natural and synthetic origami papers

Abhinav Rao, Sameh Tawfick, Matthew Shlian, A. John Hart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To realize engineered materials and structures via origami methods and other folding construction techniques, fundamental understanding of paper folding mechanics and their dependency on paper micro/nanostructure is needed. Using selected papers commonly used in origami designs, we establish the relationship between the mechanical properties of fibrous paper and their corresponding ability to form and retain simple creases and mountain/valley folds. Using natural fiber paper (abaca), synthetic fiber paper (Tyvek), and a metalfiber laminate paper, we studied how the fold radius depends on the load applied using a controlled rolling apparatus. After folding, we examined the resultant micro- and nanoscale deformation using electron microscopy. In general we found that the fold radius follows a power law, decreasing with the applied rolling force. At a critical strain, each paper exhibits a transition between elastic and plastic behavior, after which the trend asymptotically approaches the minimum fold radius with increased applied force. Finally, we present examples of centimeter-scale two-dimensionally "mountain fold" patterns and relate the folding characteristics observed in these designs to the mechanical properties of the papers in folding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication37th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Print)9780791855942
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013 - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: Aug 4 2013Aug 7 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume6 B

Other

OtherASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013
CountryUnited States
CityPortland, OR
Period8/4/138/7/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fold mechanics of natural and synthetic origami papers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this