New protein synthesis is critical for learning and memory. The discovery of ribosomes at synapses indicated the potential for local protein synthesis in response to stimulation. miRNAs play a key role in this process as evidenced by their role in normal neuronal development and function and in neurological disease. miRNA production is regulated and once bound by AGO2, the ensuing RISC complex is able to bind mRNAs and direct their translation suppression and degradation. However, other RNA binding proteins, including FMRP and MOV10, regulate AGO2 association with the miRNA recognition element (MRE) in target mRNAs. AGO2 itself is regulated by post-translational modifications, and neuronal activity controls post-translational modifications of FMRP and MOV10 that lead to their regulation and degradation. In addition, RNA localization at the synapse is a critical regulated event that depends on both cis sequences in the mRNA and the identity of the bound RNA binding proteins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||The Oxford Handbook of Neuronal Protein Synthesis|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Number of pages||22|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2018|
- RNA binding proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas