Flow cytometric analysis for ploidy level differentiation of 45 hairy vetch accessions

Kathleen M. Yeater, Germán A. Bollero, Donald G. Bullock, A. Lane Rayburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Determining the ploidy of plant germplasm is a necessary step in breeding or genetic studies in species. The purpose of this research was to determine the presence of ploidy level differentiation of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) germplasm. Flow cytometry and root tip chromosome squashing methods were employed to assess 45 accessions labeled V. villosa available through the USDA germplasm collection. Flow cytometry determined that 43 of the accessions were 2C, one accession was 4C, and one accession was 6C. Analysis of accessions by root tip chromosome counts indicated that all accessions were diploid. The 2C accession contains 14 chromosomes and their chromosomes were approximately one-half and one-third in size as compared to the chromosomes of the 4C and 6C accessions, respectively. The 4C accession was observed to have 16 chromosomes and the 6C accession was observed to have 14 chromosomes. The large-scale differences in DNA amounts were due to chromosomal size variability as opposed to ploidy differences. This revealed the incidence of species misidentification of these two V. villosa accessions to be Vicia pannonica. All the V. villosa accessions were observed to be diploid and have similar DNA amounts. Flow cytometry proved to be useful in the efficient assessment of these accessions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • Flow cytometry
  • Germplasm
  • Hairy vetch
  • Vicia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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