Adaptation of wet chemical processing or replica molding techniques to microcavity plasma device technology has yielded lightweight and flexible arrays in the Al/Al2O3 materials system and plastic substrates, respectively. Microplasma arrays fabricated from two bonded sections of Al mesh with an integral dielectric barrier of nanoporous alumina have an overall thickness of <100\ μm resulting in lamps that are flexible and conformable to a variety of surfaces. Operating these arrays in both flat and curved configurations reveals few changes to the voltage-current characteristics but a reduction of a factor of two in the luminance of curved or bent structures relative to that for a flat array. Truncated paraboloid cavities have also been formed in 30-70-μm-thick Al foil by a sequence of wet chemical processes. Microcavities with an emitting aperture diameter as small as 50 μm have been realized, and arrays comprising 104 cavities exhibit ignition voltages of ∼140-150 V (rms) for Ne pressures between 400 and 700 torr and a 20-kHz sinusoidal voltage waveform. Mixtures of Ne and Xe with Xe content up to 67% have been operated successfully. Ignition voltages of only 70-90 V (rms) have been measured for 30 × 30 arrays of 200 × 200-μm2 microcavities formed in ultraviolet curable polymer by replica molding and operating in 400-600 torr of Ne. For 3% N2Ar mixtures at total pressures of 400-700 torr, the ignition voltages rise to ∼150 -220VRMS for a driving frequency of 20 kHz, the array emission is spatially uniform, and rms currents above 85 mA can be drawn in the steady state by these plastic-based arrays.
- Atmospheric plasmas
- Microplasma arrays
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics