FIX: The Fear Index-Measuring Market Fear

J. Dhaene, J. Dony, M. B. Forys, D. Linders, W. Schoutens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this paper, we propose a new fear index based on (equity) option surfaces of an index and its components. The quantification of the fear level will be solely based on option price data. The index takes into account market risk via the VIX volatility barometer, liquidity risk via the concept of implied liquidity, and systemic risk and herd behavior via the concept of comonotonicity. It thus allows us to measure an overall level of fear (excluding credit risk) in the market as well as to identify precisely the individual importance of the distinct risk components (market, liquidity, or systemic risk). As a an additional result, we also derive an upperbound for the VIX.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTopics in Numerical Methods for Finance
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9781461434320
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics
ISSN (Print)2194-1009
ISSN (Electronic)2194-1017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)


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