There is increasing literature that addresses the beneficial relationship of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on aspects of cognitive and brain health in relation to scholastic achievement. In this review, findings are described that relate fitness to cognition in children, providing support for the influence of health behaviors on specific brain tissue and neural processes that support academic achievement. In addition, research examining the transient benefits resulting from participation in single bouts of physical activity on cognitive and brain health and scholastic achievement are described. Such findings have implications for cognitive health and learning, and the overall classroom climate. The implications of this research stand to improve effective functioning and scholastic achievement of individuals during maturation, which might provide a cascade of benefits as individuals progress through the lifespan. In an era in which children are becoming increasingly sedentary and unfit, such data are important toward reversing this public health concern.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Applied Psychology