First results of flowing liquid lithium limiter in HT-7

J. Ren, J. S. Hu, G. Z. Zuo, Z. Sun, J. G. Li, D. N. Ruzic, L. E. Zakharov

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Two different types of flowing liquid lithium limiters were firstly installed and successfully tested in HT-7 tokamaks in 2012 and some encouraging results were obtained. Two limiters of the first type, called FLiLi limiters, used a thin lithium layer flowing under gravity. The other type had lithium-metal infused trenches (LIMIT) for thermoelectric magnetohydrodynamic drive of the liquid metal flow. The surface of one of the FLiLi limiters was coated by evaporated lithium before liquid lithium was injected by Ar pressure into a special distributor of the limiter. Then the liquid lithium could slowly move along the plasma facing guide surface of the limiter due to gravity. For LIMIT, it was found that liquid lithium could flow along the trenches as expected with a velocity of about 3.7 ± 0.5 cm s-1 driven by the electromagnetic force, which came from the interaction between the thermoelectric current and magnetic field. Use of flowing liquid lithium limiters in HT-7 resulted in reduction of particle recycling, suppression of impurity emission and improvement of the confinement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014033
JournalPhysica Scripta
StatePublished - 2014
Event14th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications, PFMC 2013 - Julich, Germany
Duration: May 13 2013May 17 2013


  • HT-7
  • lithium
  • plasma facing component
  • tokamak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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