The CAST Experiment commenced its first phase of solar axion-searching in 2003, and ran successfully for two years. In the transverse field of a decommissioned Large Hadron Collider (LHC) test magnet (9.26m, 9T), the CERN Axion Solar Telescope intends to transform axions -that would be produced in the sun- into X-rays with energies of a few keV. The first results from the analysis of the data taken in 2003 show no signature of axions, implying an upper limit to the axion-photon coupling gaγ 1.16 × 10-10 GeV-1 at 95% C.L. for ma < 0.02 eV, already a factor 100 better than previous searches. In Phase I the twin bores of the magnet were kept in vacuum. In Phase II (due to start in November 2005) the bores of the magnet will be filled with a buffer gas, which will allow CAST to explore the region of higher axion masses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)