First occurrence of Cercopagis pengoi in Lake Michigan

Patrice M. Charlebois, Matthew J. Raffenberg, John M. Dettmers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adults and juveniles of the predaceous cladoceran Cercopagis pengoi, native to the Ponto-Caspian region, were found in nearshore waters of southern Lake Michigan during August and September 1999. This invasive cladoceran was previously reported from Lake Ontario, but this is the first report of C. pengoi from Lake Michigan. In Lake Michigan, densities of C. pengoi peaked at about 75/m3 on 22 September when water temperature was 16°C, and first and second instars comprised up to 90% of the samples. Of the third and fourth instar reproductive forms, parthenogenetic females were most abundant (up to 33% of all individuals sampled) and were present on all sampling dates. Males and females with resting eggs appeared in low abundance on the last two sampling dates perhaps in response to decreasing temperatures. The impact of this invader on the Lake Michigan food web is yet undetermined, but C. pengoi individuals were found in the stomachs of alewife on 22 September indicating that fishes will feed on C. pengoi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number70639
Pages (from-to)258-261
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Great Lakes Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Aquatic nuisance species
  • Cercopagis pengoi
  • Cladocera
  • Exotic species
  • Lake Michigan
  • Zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology


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