First measurement of the Sivers asymmetry for gluons using SIDIS data

C. Adolph, M. Aghasyan, R. Akhunzyanov, M. G. Alexeev, G. D. Alexeev, A. Amoroso, V. Andrieux, N. V. Anfimov, V. Anosov, A. Antoshkin, K. Augsten, W. Augustyniak, A. Austregesilo, C. D.R. Azevedo, B. Badełek, F. Balestra, M. Ball, J. Barth, R. Beck, Y. BedferJ. Bernhard, K. Bicker, E. R. Bielert, R. Birsa, M. Bodlak, P. Bordalo, F. Bradamante, C. Braun, A. Bressan, M. Büchele, W. C. Chang, C. Chatterjee, M. Chiosso, I. Choi, S. U. Chung, A. Cicuttin, M. L. Crespo, Q. Curiel, S. Dalla Torre, S. S. Dasgupta, S. Dasgupta, O. Yu Denisov, L. Dhara, S. V. Donskov, N. Doshita, Ch Dreisbach, V. Duic, C. Quintans, M. Dziewiecki, A. Efremov, P. D. Eversheim, W. Eyrich, S. Ramos, A. Ferrero, M. Finger, M. Finger, H. Fischer, C. Franco, N. du Fresne von Hohenesche, J. M. Friedrich, V. Frolov, E. Fuchey, F. Gautheron, O. P. Gavrichtchouk, S. Gerassimov, J. Giarra, F. Giordano, I. Gnesi, M. Gorzellik, S. Grabmüller, A. Grasso, Matthias Grosse Perdekamp, B. Grube, T. Grussenmeyer, A. Guskov, F. Haas, D. Hahne, G. Hamar, D. von Harrach, F. H. Heinsius, R. Heitz, F. Herrmann, N. Horikawa, N. d'Hose, C. Y. Hsieh, S. Huber, S. Ishimoto, A. Ivanov, Yu Ivanshin, T. Iwata, V. Jary, R. Joosten, P. Jörg, E. Kabuß, A. Kerbizi, B. Ketzer, G. V. Khaustov, Yu A. Khokhlov, Yu Kisselev, F. Klein, K. Klimaszewski, J. H. Koivuniemi, V. N. Kolosov, K. Kondo, K. Königsmann, I. Konorov, V. F. Konstantinov, A. M. Kotzinian, O. M. Kouznetsov, M. Krämer, P. Kremser, F. Krinner, Z. V. Kroumchtein, Y. Kulinich, F. Kunne, K. Kurek, R. P. Kurjata, A. A. Lednev, A. Lehmann, M. Levillain, S. Levorato, Y. S. Lian, J. Lichtenstadt, R. Longo, A. Maggiora, A. Magnon, Naomi C R Makins, N. Makke, G. K. Mallot, B. Marianski, A. Martin, J. Marzec, J. Matoušek, H. Matsuda, T. Matsuda, G. V. Meshcheryakov, M. Meyer, W. Meyer, Yu V. Mikhailov, M. Mikhasenko, E. Mitrofanov, N. Mitrofanov, Y. Miyachi, A. Nagaytsev, F. Nerling, D. Neyret, J. Nový, W. D. Nowak, G. Nukazuka, A. S. Nunes, A. G. Olshevsky, I. Orlov, M. Ostrick, D. Panzieri, B. Parsamyan, S. Paul, Jen-Chieh Peng, F. Pereira, M. Pešek, D. V. Peshekhonov, N. Pierre, S. Platchkov, J. Pochodzalla, V. A. Polyakov, J. Pretz, M. Quaresma, M. Ziembicki, A. Zink, C. Regali, G. Reicherz, C. Riedl, M. Roskot, N. S. Rogacheva, D. I. Ryabchikov, A. Rybnikov, A. Rychter, R. Salac, V. D. Samoylenko, A. Sandacz, C. Santos, S. Sarkar, I. A. Savin, T. Sawada, G. Sbrizzai, P. Schiavon, K. Schmidt, H. Schmieden, K. Schönning, E. Seder, A. Selyunin, L. Silva, L. Sinha, S. Sirtl, M. Slunecka, J. Smolik, A. Srnka, D. Steffen, M. Stolarski, O. Subrt, M. Sulc, H. Suzuki, A. Szabelski, T. Szameitat, P. Sznajder, S. Takekawa, M. Tasevsky, S. Tessaro, F. Tessarotto, F. Thibaud, A. Thiel, F. Tosello, V. Tskhay, S. Uhl, A. Vauth, J. Veloso, M. Virius, J. Vondra, S. Wallner, T. Weisrock, M. Wilfert, J. ter Wolbeek, K. Zaremba, P. Zavada, M. Zavertyaev, E. Zemlyanichkina, N. Zhuravlev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Sivers function describes the correlation between the transverse spin of a nucleon and the transverse motion of its partons. For quarks, it was studied in previous measurements of the azimuthal asymmetry of hadrons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of leptons off transversely polarised nucleon targets, and it was found to be non-zero. In this letter the evaluation of the Sivers asymmetry for gluons is presented. The contribution of the photon–gluon fusion subprocess is enhanced by requiring two high transverse-momentum hadrons. The analysis method is based on a Monte Carlo simulation that includes three hard processes: photon–gluon fusion, QCD Compton scattering and the leading-order virtual-photon absorption process. The Sivers asymmetries of the three processes are simultaneously extracted using the LEPTO event generator and a neural network approach. The method is applied to samples of events containing at least two hadrons with large transverse momentum from the COMPASS data taken with a 160 GeV/c muon beam scattered off transversely polarised deuterons and protons. With a significance of about two standard deviations, a negative value is obtained for the gluon Sivers asymmetry. The result of a similar analysis for a Collins-like asymmetry for gluons is consistent with zero.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)854-864
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume772
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2017

Keywords

  • Deep inelastic scattering
  • Gluon
  • PDF
  • Sivers
  • TMD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Adolph, C., Aghasyan, M., Akhunzyanov, R., Alexeev, M. G., Alexeev, G. D., Amoroso, A., Andrieux, V., Anfimov, N. V., Anosov, V., Antoshkin, A., Augsten, K., Augustyniak, W., Austregesilo, A., Azevedo, C. D. R., Badełek, B., Balestra, F., Ball, M., Barth, J., Beck, R., ... Zhuravlev, N. (2017). First measurement of the Sivers asymmetry for gluons using SIDIS data. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 772, 854-864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.07.018