Finite element solutions to the bending stiffness of a single-layered helically wound cable with internal friction

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This paper is focused on the bending stiffness of a cable consisting of a straight core wound around by a layer of helical wires, taking friction into account. Depending on the interaction between the cable components, the effective bending stiffness of the cable lies between an upper bound Bmax and a lower bound Bmin according to analytic models in literature. Two finite element models are created. The first aims to determine the maximum obtainable bending stiffness, whereby two contact types are tested: one bonding together all the touching surfaces and the other one only bonding together the wire-core contact surfaces. The numerical results show that Bmax is achieved for the first contact type, while neglecting the wire-wire contact lowers the bending stiffness due to the rotation of wire cross sections. In the second model, the wires are allowed to slip, while the cable is subjected to tension and bending. The effects of the tension level, the friction coefficient, and the contact types are investigated. The numerical results are able to capture the increase of bending stiffness with increasing tension and decreasing curvature, consistent with experimental observations and analytic models. The initial bending stiffness is sensitive to the imperfect contact between the components and is lower than Bmax. The final bending stiffness is higher than Bmin because of the contribution of friction and it increases with the friction coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031003
JournalJournal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Finite element analysis
  • Interlayer contact
  • Slip
  • Spiral wire strand
  • Stick
  • Tension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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