Finite Element Methods in Human Head Impact Simulations: A Review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Head impacts leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) present a major health risk today, projected to become the third leading cause of death by 2020. While finite element (FE) models of the human brain are important tools to understand and mitigate TBI, many unresolved issues remain that need to be addressed to improve these models. This work aims to provide readers with background information regarding the current state of research in this field as well as to present recent advancements made possible by improvements to computational resources. Specifically, this has manifested as a drive to introduce more details in FE models in the form of increased spatial resolution and improved material models such as nonlinear and anisotropic constitutive models. The need to work with high-resolution FE meshes is underlined by the dominant wavelengths involved in transient pressure and shear wave propagation and the ability to model the brain surface. We also discuss improvements to experimental validation techniques which allow for better calibrated models. We review these recent developments in detail, highlighting their contributions to the field as well as identifying open issues where more research is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1832-1854
Number of pages23
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

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Finite element method
Brain
Health risks
Shear waves
Constitutive models
Wave propagation
Wavelength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Finite Element Methods in Human Head Impact Simulations : A Review. / Madhukar, Amit; Starzewski, Martin Ostoja.

In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 47, No. 9, 15.09.2019, p. 1832-1854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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