Finite element analysis of CFRP laminate repairs on damaged end regions of prestressed concrete bridge girders

Ian D. Shaw, Bassem Andrawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Over the past couple decades, externally bonded fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have emerged as a repair and strengthening material for many concrete infrastructure applications. This paper presents an analytical investigation of the use of carbon FRP (CFRP) for a specific problem that occurs in concrete bridge girders wherein the girder ends are damaged by excessive exposure to deicing salts and numerous freezing/thawing cycles. A 3D finite element (FE) model of a full scale prestressed concrete (PC) I-girder is used to investigate the effect of damage to the cover concrete and stirrups in the end region of the girder. Parametric studies are performed using externally bonded CFRP shear laminates to determine the most effective repair schemes for the damaged end region under a short shear span-to-depth ratio. Experimental results on shear pull off tests of CFRP laminates that have undergone accelerated aging are used to calibrate a bond stress-slip model for the interface between the FRP and concrete substrate and approximate the reduced bond stress-slip properties associated with exposure to the environment that causes this type of end region damage. The results of these analyses indicate that this particular application of this material can be effective in recovering the original strength of PC bridge girders with damaged end regions, even after environmental aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-168
Number of pages22
JournalAdvances in Computational Design
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Bridge girder
  • End region
  • FRP
  • Finite element
  • Prestressed concrete
  • Repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this