Finite-Difference Time-Domain Analysis of Pulse Propagation in Multichip Module Interconnects

Michael Gribbons, Andreas C. Cangellaris, John L. Prince

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The application of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method to the electromagnetic characterization of multichip-module (MCM) interconnects with perforated (mesh) reference planes is demonstrated. The limitations of the method in finding transmission line propagation characteristics (i.e., characteristic impedance Z0 and phase constant β) are investigated. An alternative approach for the characterization of MCM interconnects is suggested which exploits the capabilities of the FDTD method. This alternative approach uses the results from the FDTD method to extract a per unit length delay and an approximate impulse response of the system. These results can be used to identify the effects of the perforated reference plane on signal propagation. The validity of the TEM approximation for signal propagation in realistic MCM structures is also examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-498
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Hybrids, and Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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