Matrix product states (MPS) and "dressed"ground states of quadratic mean fields (e.g., Gutzwiller projected Slater determinants) are both important classes of variational wave functions. This latter class has played important roles in understanding superconductivity and quantum spin liquids. We present a method to obtain both the finite and infinite MPS (iMPS) representation of the ground state of an arbitrary fermionic quadratic mean-field Hamiltonian (which in the simplest case is a Slater determinant and in the most general case is a Pfaffian). We also show how to represent products of such states (e.g., determinants times Pfaffians). From this representation one can project to single occupancy and evaluate the entanglement spectra after Gutzwiller projection. We then obtain the MPS and iMPS representation of Gutzwiller projected mean-field states that arise from the variational slave-fermion approach to the S=1 bilinear-biquadratic quantum spin chain. To accomplish this, we develop an approach to orthogonalize degenerate iMPS to find all the states in the degenerate ground-state manifold. We find the energies of the MPS and iMPS states match the variational energies closely, indicating the method is accurate and there is minimal loss due to truncation error. We then present an exploration of the entanglement spectra of projected slave-fermion states, exploring their qualitative features and finding good qualitative agreement with the respective exact ground-state spectra found from density matrix renormalization group.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics