Finish turning of Ti-6Al-4V with the atomization-based cutting fluid (ACF) spray system

Chandra Nath, Shiv G. Kapoor, Anil K. Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Product quality and productivity are important factors in manufacturing industries, especially when dealing with cumbersome materials like titanium. Cooling and lubrication effects offered by the associated metalworking fluid application system play a vital role in determining these factors, especially during finish cutting. Recently, the atomization–based cutting fluid (ACF) spray system has shown promising cooling and lubrication effects during rough turning of titanium at the macro–scale, but yet to be examined during finish cutting (e.g., depth of cut and feed rate 0.2 mm or lower). This paper aims to study the effect of the ACF spray system on machining performance during finish turning of Ti-6Al-4V. In the first set of experiments, two spray parameters (viz., gas velocity and flow rate) and cutting parameters (viz., cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut) are varied to select the most suitable condition for the application of the ACF spray system. Machining outputs are evaluated in terms of nose wear, cutting temperature, surface roughness, roundness error, chip morphology, and part hardness. A separate set of experiments is then performed to compare the performance of the ACF spray system against compressed air (dry) and flood coolant conditions. It is found that, even a lower fluid flow rate of 1.5 mL/min (10 vol.%) at a lower gas velocity of the spray system outperforms the other two coolant conditions, thus further enhancing the performance of environmentally-friendly manufacturing process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-471
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Processes
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Atomized droplets
  • Cooling and lubrication
  • Finish turning
  • Machining performance
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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