Field Evaluation of Putatively Resistant Soybean Selections Against the Soybean Aphid

L. S. Hesler, K. E. Dashiell, D. A. Prischmann, Brian W Diers, R. A. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, has become a serious pest of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in North America, and host-plant resistance is one potential management tool. In the current study, various F 2-derived soybean selections with the Rag1 gene for resistance to soybean aphid were evaluated among F 2-derived soybean selections without Rag1 and among contemporary soybean lines in a two-year field test. Overall, aphid levels per plant were over tenfold greater in 2006 than in 2005, but lines generally performed similarly relative to one another between years with regard to aphid-infestation levels. In both years, the Rag1 selections ILL4, ILL27, ILL35, ILL37, ILL64RR, ILL76RR, and ILL77RR had the lowest mean number of soybean aphids per plant. In 2005, three putative Rag1 selections-ILL26, ILL67RR, and ILL87-had intermediate aphid infestation levels greater than those of other Rag1 selections, and in 2006 ILL26 and ILL67RR also had intermediate aphid levels that did not differ from all other lines. Irrespective of the Rag1 gene, all soybean lines tested in 2006 had potentially injurious infestations (x̄≥799 soybean aphids per plant) that exceeded action thresholds for this pest. These results show varying levels of resistance among lines homozygous for the Rag1 resistance allele and that protection may be equivocal in years of heavy infestation by soybean aphid. Implications for testing putatively aphid-resistant soybean selections in the field and the potential for field deployment of aphid-resistant lines are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-86
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Crop Improvement
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Aphis glycines
  • Glycine max
  • Host-plant resistance
  • Rag1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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