Field-aligned 777.4-nm composite airglow images of equatorial plasma depletions

J. J. Makela, M. C. Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a powerful tool to analyze two-dimensional field-aligned images of equatorial plasma depletions taken from mid-latitudes. By shifting each individual image by the sum of the longitudinal offsets obtained by performing a cross-correlation between successive images, a single composite image can be formed for the entire night. It is shown that these field-aligned composite images give information on the observation times of the depletions associated with spread-F as they pass by Hawaii. In addition, they can be used to estimate the formation time and location of the depletions to the west of the observing site. This technique also yields estimates of the eastward velocity and velocity shear of the depletions. We suggest that the information gained by using these images can be used to predict satellite scintillations at stations to the east of the observing station.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-1 - 25-4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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