We study the Fermi-surface instabilities of the Pomeranchuk type [Sov. Phys. JETP 8, 361 (1959)] in the spin-triplet channel with high orbital partial waves [Fla (l>0)]. The ordered phases are classified into two classes, dubbed the α and β phases by analogy to the superfluid He3 A and B phases. The Fermi surfaces in the α phases exhibit spontaneous anisotropic distortions, while those in the β phases remain circular or spherical with topologically nontrivial spin configurations in momentum space. In the α phase, the Goldstone modes in the density channel exhibit anisotropic overdamping. The Goldstone modes in the spin channel have a nearly isotropic underdamped dispersion relation at small propagating wave vectors. Due to the coupling to the Goldstone modes, the spin-wave spectrum develops resonance peaks in both the α and β phases, which can be detected in inelastic neutron-scattering experiments. In the p -wave channel β phase, a chiral ground-state inhomogeneity is spontaneously generated due to a Lifshitz-like instability in the originally nonchiral systems. Possible experiments to detect these phases are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 5 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics