Feedback and the Rationing of Time and Effort Among Competing Tasks

Gregory B. Northcraft, Aaron M. Schmidt, Susan J. Ashford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study described here tested a model of how characteristics of the feedback environment influence the allocation of resources (time and effort) among competing tasks. Results demonstrated that performers invest more resources on tasks for which higher quality (more timely and more specific) feedback is available; this effect was partially mediated by task salience and task expectancies. Feedback timing and feedback specificity demonstrated both main and interaction effects on resource allocations. Results also demonstrated that performers do better on tasks for which higher quality feedback is available; this effect was mediated by resources allocated to tasks. The practical and theoretical implications of the role of the feedback environment in managing performance are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1076-1086
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Decision making
  • Expectancies
  • Feedback
  • Multiple goals
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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