Feature migration in time: Reflection of selective attention on speech errors

Nazbanou Nozari, Gary S Dell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article describes an initial study of the effect of focused attention on phonological speech errors. In 3 experiments, participants recited 4-word tongue twisters and focused attention on 1 (or none) of the words. The attended word was singled out differently in each experiment; participants were under instructions to avoid errors on the attended word, to stress it, or to say it silently. The experiments showed that all methods of attending to a word decreased errors on that word, while increasing errors on the surrounding words. However, this error increase did not result from a relative increase in phonemic migrations originating from the attended word. This pattern is inconsistent with conceptualizing attention either as a higher activation of the attended word or greater inhibition of the unattended words throughout the production of the sequence. Instead, it is consistent with a model that presumes that attention exerts its effect at the time of production of the attended word, without lingering effects on the past or the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1084-1090
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Cognitive control
  • Phoneme migration
  • Speech errors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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