Fate and transport of estrogenic compounds in an integrated swine manure treatment systems combining algal-bacterial bioreactor and hydrothermal processes for improved water quality

Young Hwan Shin, Lance Schideman, Michael J. Plewa, Peng Zhang, John Scott, Yuanhui Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An integrated manure treatment system, including a mixed algal-bacterial bioreactor (MABB) and hydrothermal processing of biomass solids, was found to remove 76.4–97.0% of the total estrogenic hormones (estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3)) from the liquid portion of animal manure (LPAM). The mixed biomass was converted into either biocrude oil with a yield up to 40% via hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) or syngas with a yield up to 54% yield via catalytic hydrothermal gasification (CHG). Adding granular activated carbon (GAC) in the MABB enhanced the removal of estrogenic hormones (+ 7.2%), cytotoxicity (+ 58%), and heavy metals (+ 10.5%). After the integrated system with the MABB, HTL, and CHG processes, the overall percent removal of heavy metals from the LPAM ranged from 27.1 to 40.3%. The concentrations of potentially toxic heavy metals (lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr)) in the aqueous phase after HTL and CHG tests ranged from 0.01 to 25.3 mg/L.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16800-16813
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume26
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • Algal-bacterial bioreactor
  • Catalytic hydrothermal gasification
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Estrogenic hormones
  • Heavy metals
  • Hydrothermal liquefaction
  • Swine manure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fate and transport of estrogenic compounds in an integrated swine manure treatment systems combining algal-bacterial bioreactor and hydrothermal processes for improved water quality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this