Fast simulation of complicated 3-D structures above lossy magnetic media

Richard Y. Zhang, Jacob K. White, John G. Kassakian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A fast numerical method is presented for the simulation of complicated 3-D structures, such as inductors constructed from Litz or stranded wires, above or sandwiched between the planar lossy magnetic media. Making use of its smoothness, the quasi-static multilayer Green's function is numerically computed using finite differences, and its source height dependence is computed using an optimal Toeplitz-plus-Hankel decomposition. We show that a modified precorrected fast Fourier transform method can be applied to reduce the dense linear algebra problem to near-linear time, and that frequency-dependent setups can be avoided to result in a considerable speed-up. Experimental verifications are made for a 16-strand Litz wire coil realistically modeled down to each individual strand. Results are obtained in 2-3 h, showing an excellent agreement to measurements, and can be used to study the impact of transposition patterns in Litz wire construction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2323933
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Inductance
  • Integral equations
  • Litz wire
  • Magnetic multilayers
  • Numerical simulation
  • Skin effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Fast simulation of complicated 3-D structures above lossy magnetic media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this