Fast evaluation of sequence pair in block placement by longest common subsequence computation

Xiaoping Tang, Ruiqi Tian, D. F. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Murata et al. (1996) introduced an elegant representation of block placement called sequence pair. All block-placement algorithms that are based on sequence pairs use simulated annealing where the generation and evaluation of a large number of sequence pairs is required. Therefore, a fast algorithm is needed to evaluate each generated sequence pair, i.e., to translate the sequence pair to its corresponding block placement. This paper presents a new approach to evaluate a sequence pair based on computing longest common subsequence in a pair of weighted sequences. We present a very simple and efficient O(n 2) algorithm to solve the sequence pair evaluation problem. We also show that using a more sophisticated data structure, the algorithm can be implemented to run in O(n log log n) time. Both implementations of our algorithm are significantly faster than the previous O (n 2) graph-based algorithm. For example, we achieve 60 × speedup over the previous algorithm when input size n = 128. As a result, we can examine a million sequence pairs within one minute for typical input size of placement problems. For all MCNC benchmark block-placement problems, we have obtained the best results ever reported in the literature (including those reported by algorithms based on O tree and B* tree) with significantly less runtime. For example, the best known result for ami49 (36.8 mm 2) was obtained by a B*-tree-based algorithm using 4752 s and we obtained a better result (36.5 mm 2) in 31 s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1406-1413
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Block placement
  • Constraint graph
  • Floorplanning
  • Longest common subsequence
  • Sequence pair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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