Farmers' Supply Response, Price of Corn Residue, and Its Economic Viability as an Energy Feedstock

Juan P. Sesmero, Benjamin Gramig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous economic analyses of energy from corn stover assumed yield reductions from residue removal (without nutrient replacement) and limited or no supply response by farmers to changes in the price of stover. We exploit agronomic and cost information from a randomized block design experiment to model and quantify farmers' supply response to changes in relative prices of corn stover, corn grain, and soybean. We then couple this supply response with a model of a cost-minimizing processing plant. Results suggest that stover-based energy may be closer to economic viability than previously found. In addition, in areas where reductions in corn yield due to corn monoculture are small, processing plants may find optimal to pay a higher price for stover to induce farmers to adopt continuous corn because it reduces transportation cost. This suggests that such areas may experience changes in their land cover configuration if stover-based energy does become commercially viable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-807
Number of pages11
JournalBioenergy Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Corn stover energy
  • Economic viability
  • Farm supply response
  • Land cover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Energy (miscellaneous)


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