Falls risk and simulated driving performance in older adults

John G. Gaspar, Mark B. Neider, Arthur F. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Declines in executive function and dual-task performance have been related to falls in older adults, and recent research suggests that older adults at risk for falls also show impairments on real-world tasks, such as crossing a street. The present study examined whether falls risk was associated with driving performance in a high-fidelity simulator. Participants were classified as high or low falls risk using the Physiological Profile Assessment and completed a number of challenging simulated driving assessments in which they responded quickly to unexpected events. High falls risk drivers had slower response times (2.1 seconds) to unexpected events compared to low falls risk drivers (1.7 seconds). Furthermore, when asked to perform a concurrent cognitive task while driving, high falls risk drivers showed greater costs to secondary task performance than did low falls risk drivers, and low falls risk older adults also outperformed high falls risk older adults on a computer-based measure of dual-task performance. Our results suggest that attentional differences between high and low falls risk older adults extend to simulated driving performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number356948
JournalJournal of Aging Research
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Falls risk and simulated driving performance in older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this