Facies analysis and depositional sequences of the Upper Jurassic Mozduran Formation, a carbonate reservoir in the Kopet Dagh Basin, NE Iran

M. A. Kavoosi, Y. Lasemi, S. Sherkati, R. Moussavi-harami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Upper Jurassic carbonates of the Mozduran Formation constitute the principal reservoir intervals at the giant Khangiran and Gonbadli gasfields in the Kopet Dagh Basin, NE Iran. These carbonates were investigated using detailed field studies and petrographic and wireline log analyses in order to clarify their depositional facies and sequence stratigraphy. Facies were interpreted to reflect deep basin, fore-shoal, shelf margin, lagoon, tidal flat and coastal plain depositional systems. The Mozduran Formation is composed of six depositional sequences. Thickness variations were controlled by differential subsidence. Aggradation on the platform margin and reduced carbonate production in the deep basin together with differential subsidence resulted in the creation of a narrow seaway during the late Oxfordian. Petrographic studies suggest that Mozduran Formation carbonates had a low-Mg calcite mineralogy during the Oxfordian, and an aragonite to high-Mg calcite mineralogy during the Kimmeridgian. Reservoir pay zones are located in highstand systems tracts within the lower and middle Kimmeridgian depositional sequences. The rapid lateral thickness variations of these sequences were controlled by tectonic factors, leading to compartmentalization of the Mozduran Formation reservoir with the possible creation of stratigraphic traps, especially at the Khangiran field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-259
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Petroleum Geology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbonates
  • Facies analysis
  • Iran
  • Kopet Dagh Basin
  • Mozduran Formation
  • Reservoir
  • Sequence stratigraphy
  • Upper Jurassic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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