Facets of emotional clarity and suspiciousness

Matthew Tyler Boden, Howard Berenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In a college student sample, we explored the relations between individual differences in facets of emotional clarity and suspiciousness. Previous theory and research has treated emotional clarity as a one-dimensional construct. Boden and Berenbaum (2011) proposed that a second facet of emotional clarity, source awareness (a general understanding of the cause of their emotions), could be distinguished from type awareness (a general understanding of the type of emotions [anger, fear] experienced). We found that source and type awareness were incrementally, inversely associated with suspiciousness when statistically accounting for the extent to which emotions are attended to, and gender. Additionally, source awareness significantly predicted suspiciousness after accounting for anger, anxious arousal, and social anxiety, whereas type awareness did not. Findings are consistent with the hypothesis that, among individuals with low source and type awareness, suspicious beliefs are formed to make sense of and explain emotional arousal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-430
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • Emotional awareness
  • Odd/peculiar beliefs
  • Source awareness
  • Suspiciousness
  • Type awareness emotional clarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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