Fabrication of large-area stamps, moulds, and conformable photomasks for soft lithography

H. H. Lee, J. A. Rogers, E. Menard, N. G. Tassi, G. B. Blanchet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Low-cost fabrication is essential to the successful introduction of organic electronics and reel-to-reel manufacturing processes. Here it is proposed that extending flexography into the micrometre-size resolution regime may provide an economical commercialization path for plastic devices. Flexography is a high-speed technique commonly used for printing onto very large-area flexible substrates. Although low resolution and poor registration are characteristics of today's flexographic process, it has many similarities with soft lithographic techniques. This work shows that large (12 in x 12 in), high-resolution printing plates appropriate for use on small tag and label flexographic presses can be prepared using simple and inexpensive flexographic-compatible processes. This paper illustrates the use of these plates for three representative soft lithographic processes: microcontact printing, replica moulding, and phase-shift lithography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • flexography
  • large-area stamp
  • low-cost
  • soft lithography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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