F-DETA: A framework for detecting electricity theft attacks in smart grids

Varun Badrinath Krishna, Kiryung Lee, Gabriel A. Weaver, Ravishankar K. Iyer, William H. Sanders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electricity theft is a major concern for utilities all over the world, and leads to billions of dollars in losses every year. Although improving the communication capabilities between consumer smart meters and utilities can enable many smart grid features, these communications can be compromised in ways that allow an attacker to steal electricity. Such attacks have recently begun to occur, so there is a real and urgent need for a framework to defend against them. In this paper, we make three major contributions. First, we develop what is, to our knowledge, the most comprehensive classification of electricity theft attacks in the literature. These attacks are classified based on whether they can circumvent security measures currently used in industry, and whether they are possible under different electricity pricing schemes. Second, we propose a theft detector based on Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence to detect cleverly-crafted electricity theft attacks that circumvent detectors proposed in related work. Finally, we evaluate our detector using false data injections based on real smart meter data. For the different attack classes, we show that our detector dramatically mitigates electricity theft in comparison to detectors in prior work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 46th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages407-418
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781467388917
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 29 2016
Event46th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016 - Toulouse, France
Duration: Jun 28 2016Jul 1 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings - 46th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016

Other

Other46th IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016
CountryFrance
CityToulouse
Period6/28/167/1/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Krishna, V. B., Lee, K., Weaver, G. A., Iyer, R. K., & Sanders, W. H. (2016). F-DETA: A framework for detecting electricity theft attacks in smart grids. In Proceedings - 46th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016 (pp. 407-418). [7579759] (Proceedings - 46th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2016). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/DSN.2016.44