Eye-Movement-Based Memory Effect: A Reprocessing Effect in Face Perception

Robert R. Althoff, Neal J. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An eye-movement-based memory effect was demonstrated in 2 experiments showing different patterns of eye movements elicited to famous versus nonfamous faces, across a range of different processing tasks. The effects of prior exposure emerged early in viewing, within the first 5 fixations, and were observed on multiple measures of eye-movement behavior, reflecting a change in viewers' sampling behavior to the famous faces. Accordingly, the eye-movement-based memory effect can be seen as a change in the nature of processing of novel versus repeated items, with implications for other effects of prior exposure such as those seen in examples of repetition priming. The authors argue that the eye-movement-based memory effect is an obligatory consequence of previous exposure - a reprocessing effect caused by re-engaging the visual pattern analyzers and face processing machinery of the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)997-1010
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

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reprocessing
Eye Movements
Repetition Priming
Facial Recognition
Face Perception
brain
Brain
experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Eye-Movement-Based Memory Effect : A Reprocessing Effect in Face Perception. / Althoff, Robert R.; Cohen, Neal J.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 25, No. 4, 07.1999, p. 997-1010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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