Extending yield-stress fluid paradigms

Arif Z. Nelson, Rafael E. Bras, Jingping Liu, Randy H. Ewoldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report experimental measurements of high extensibility of several yield-stress fluids, demonstrating a behavior completely outside the standard paradigm of model materials and constitutive equations for yield-stress fluids. We identify "highly" extensible materials using uniaxial tension tests, as materials with values of strain-to-break larger than predictions from the tensorial Herschel-Bulkley model, and larger strain-to-break than some of the most studied model materials including aqueous microgel particle suspensions (Carbopol), and aqueous clay suspensions (Laponite and Bentonite). Materials in commercial use, including a printing resin, chewing gums, and food products, have a yield stress but do not rupture until reaching extremely large extensional deformations. The purpose of this work is to introduce a method for characterizing the extensibility of yield-stress fluids, demonstrate the range of extensibility seen in real yield-stress fluids (commercial products, biomaterials), and introduce one possible model material for highly extensible yield-stress fluids: Silicone oil droplets emulsified at moderate volume fraction into an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol cross-linked by sodium tetraborate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-369
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Rheology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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