A growing body of evidence suggests that systemic hormones and peptide growth factors may exert their effects on cell growth and differentiation in part through regulation of the cell division cycle. We hypothesized that thyroid hormone regulates terminal differentiation of growth plate chrondrocytes in part through controlling cell cycle progression at the G1/S restriction point. Our results support this hypothesis by demonstrating that treatment of epiphyseal chrondrocytes with thyroid hormone under chemically defined conditions results in the arrest of DNA systhesis and the onset of terminal differentiation, indicating that thyroid hormone is one factor capable of regulating the transition between cell growth and differentiation in these cells. This terminal differentiation process is associated with induction of the cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21cip-1, waf-1 and p27kip1, suggesting that thyroid hormone may regulate terminal differentiation in part by arresting cell cycle progression through induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas