Tyrosine phosphorylation is a mechanism of signal transduction shared by many growth factor receptors and oncogene products. Phosphotyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) potentially modulate or counter-regulate these signaling pathways. To test this hypothesis, the transmembrane PTPase CD45 (leukocyte common antigen) was expressed in the murine cell line C127. Hormone-dependent autophosphorylation of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors was markedly reduced in cells expressing the transmembrane PTPase. Tyrosine phosphorylation of other PDGF-dependent phosphoproteins (160, 140, and 55 kDa) and IGF-1-dependent phosphoproteins (145 kDa) was similarly decreased. Interestingly, the pattern of growth factor-independent tyrosine phosphorylations was comparable in cells expressing the PTPase and control cells. This suggests a selectivity or accessibility of the PTPase limited to a subset of cellular phosphotyrosyl proteins. The maximum mitogenic response to PDGF and IGF-1 in cells expressing the PTPase was decreased by 67 and 71%, respectively. These results demonstrate that a transmembrane PTPase can both affect the tyrosine phosphorylation state of growth factor receptors and modulate proximal and distal cellular responses to the growth factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology