Exploring the synergy between building design and human values: BIM-based human value analysis of educational buildings

Lu Zhang, Nora El-Gohary

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

T h e fundamental goal of any building is to deliver value to its stakeholders. However, without a quantitative analysis of what human values (e.g., energy conservation, fire safety, cost saving) the building fulfills - and to what extent - and how that is aligned with the personal value systems of the stakeholders, the process of value delivery is uncertain. There is still a lack of quantitative understanding and analysis of the value of a building based on multidimensional human values. To address this gap, this paper presents a study on human value analysis of buildings for supporting value-adding and stakeholder-centered decision making in building design. T h e paper focuses on the analysis of an educational building to study the impacts of alternative design decisions on the value the building brings to different stakeholders. T h e analysis w a s conducted using a building information modeling (BIM)-integrated prototype system for automated human value analysis of buildings, which includes a stakeholder input capturing module, a building information extraction module, and a value analysis module. A set of stakeholders were invited to participate in the study. T h e stakeholders' systems of value priorities were first captured through the stakeholder input capturing module. T h e value-specific design information w a s then extracted from the BIM model of the building through the building information extraction module. B a s e d on the stakeholders' systems of value priorities and the extracted design information, the value of the building w a s then quantified using the value analysis module. T h e results indicate that, in order to deliver high-value buildings to the stakeholders, decision makers should not only enhance the design to fulfill individual stakeholder values, but also take the stakeholders' systems of value priorities into account and seek to create a high level of synergy between the value created by the building and the value systems of the stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
PublisherCanadian Society for Civil Engineering
Pages689-696
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781510878419
StatePublished - 2017
Event6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: May 31 2017Jun 3 2017

Publication series

Name6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
Volume1

Conference

Conference6th CSCE-CRC International Construction Specialty Conference 2017 - Held as Part of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference and General Meeting 2017
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period5/31/176/3/17

Keywords

  • Building design
  • Building information modeling
  • Human values
  • Value analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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