The interplay among changing environmental forces affected the configuration of lake and river drainage systems after 6000 BP and the abundance, composition, and productivity of aquatic animal communities available to Early, Middle, and Late Archaic groups of the interior Eastern Woodlands. These environmental changes have long been suggested as powerful influences on selection strategies of animal resources during the Archaic period. Using the integrative applications of the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR) to examine faunal databases, this paper considers the role of variability in resource availability and selection among sites in different aquatic settings, specifically the dendritic Saginaw River Valley of Michigan, the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers and their upland tributaries in the Prairie Peninsula of Illinois. These comparisons allow us to examine the influence of environmental and resource changes on subsistence change and variability. Potentially related changes and variability in demography, mobility, and cultural practices, identity and interactions can then be considered in order to gain a more thorough understanding of the factors that influenced variability and diversity among Archaic peoples in these parts of the Eastern Woodlands.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Abstracts of the SAA 82nd Annual Meeting 29 March - 2 April, 2017 Vancouver, BC, Canada|
|State||Published - 2017|