Exploiting social network graph characteristics for efficient BFS on heterogeneous chips

Luis Remis, Maria Jesus Garzaran, Rafael Asenjo, Angeles Navarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several approaches implement efficient BFS algorithms for multicores and for GPUs. However, when targeting heterogeneous architectures, it is still an open problem how to distribute the work among the CPU cores and the accelerators. In this paper, we assess several approaches to perform BFS on different heterogeneous chips (a multicore CPU and an integrated GPU). In particular, we propose three heterogeneous approaches that exploit the collaboration between both devices: Selective, Concurrent and Asynchronous. We identify how to take advantage of the features of social network graphs, that are a particular example of highly connected graphs-with fewer iterations and more unbalanced-, as well as the drawbacks of each algorithmic implementation. One key feature of our approaches is that they switch between different versions of the algorithm, depending on the device that collaborates in the computation. Through exhaustive evaluation we find that our heterogeneous implementations can be up to 1.56× faster and 1.32× more energy efficient with respect to the best baseline where only one device is used, being the overhead w.r.t. an oracle scheduler below 10%. We also compare with other related heterogeneous approach finding that ours can be up to 3.6× faster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-294
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • BFS
  • Heterogeneous chips
  • Performance–energy efficiency
  • Social network graphs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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