Exploiting Nonlinear Elasticity for Anomalous Magnetoresponsive Stiffening

Gaurav Chaudhary, N. Ashwin Bharadwaj, Paul V. Braun, Randy H. Ewoldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A paradigm for enhanced magnetorheological elastic materials is introduced and experimentally established. We show that a nonlinearly stiffening polymer matrix can be exploited to achieve anomalous magneto-elastomer stiffening exceeding standard magneto-elastomer theory and experiment in terms of percentage stiffness change and sensitivity to applied magnetic flux. Using a model system of a semiflexible fibrin network embedded with micron sized carbonyl iron particles, we demonstrate that even at a modest particle volume fraction (0.5-4%), a coupling between the magnetically interacting dipoles and a strain-stiffening polymer mesh provides previously unexplored opportunities for material design. Our experiments indicate that confined particles within the fibrin network internally tension and stiffen the polymer mesh when an external field is applied, resulting in a field-dependent stiffening response from the polymer mesh that superposes with the magnetic interparticle interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1632-1637
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 17 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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