Exploiting Knowledge Graph to Improve Text-based Prediction

Shan Jiang, Chengxiang Zhai, Qiaozhu Mei

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As a special kind of »big data,» text data can be regarded as data reported by human sensors. Since humans are far more intelligent than physical sensors, text data contains useful information and knowledge about the real world, making it possible to make predictions about real-world phenomena based on text. As all application domains involve humans, text-based prediction has widespread applications, especially for optimization of decision making. While the problem of text-based prediction resembles text classification when formulated as a supervised learning problem, it is more challenging because the variable to be predicted may not be directly derivable from the text and thus there is a semantic gap between the target variable and the surface features that are often used for representing text data in conventional approaches. In this paper, we propose to bridge this gap by using knowledge graph to construct more effective features for text representation. We propose a two-step filtering algorithm to enhance such a knowledge-aware text representation for a family of entity-centric text regression tasks where the response variable can be treated as an attribute of a group of central entities. We evaluate the proposed algorithm by using two revenue prediction tasks based on reviews. The results show that the proposed algorithm can effectively leverage knowledge graphs to construct interpretable features, leading to significant improvement of the prediction accuracy over traditional features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018
EditorsYang Song, Bing Liu, Kisung Lee, Naoki Abe, Calton Pu, Mu Qiao, Nesreen Ahmed, Donald Kossmann, Jeffrey Saltz, Jiliang Tang, Jingrui He, Huan Liu, Xiaohua Hu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1407-1416
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781538650356
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2019
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018 - Seattle, United States
Duration: Dec 10 2018Dec 13 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period12/10/1812/13/18

Keywords

  • Knowledge graph
  • text representation
  • text-based prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Jiang, S., Zhai, C., & Mei, Q. (2019). Exploiting Knowledge Graph to Improve Text-based Prediction. In Y. Song, B. Liu, K. Lee, N. Abe, C. Pu, M. Qiao, N. Ahmed, D. Kossmann, J. Saltz, J. Tang, J. He, H. Liu, & X. Hu (Eds.), Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018 (pp. 1407-1416). [8622123] (Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2018). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BigData.2018.8622123