## Abstract

Mulmuley [Mul12a] recently gave an explicit version of Noether's Normalization Lemma for ring of invariants of matrices under simultaneous conjugation, under the conjecture that there are deterministic black-box algorithms for polynomial identity testing (PIT). He argued that this gives evidence that constructing such algorithms for PIT is beyond current techniques. In this work, we show this is not the case. That is, we improve Mulmuley's reduction and correspondingly weaken the conjecture regarding PIT needed to give explicit Noether Normalization. We then observe that the weaker conjecture has recently been nearly settled by the authors ([FS12]), who gave quasipolynomial size hitting sets for the class of read-once oblivious algebraic branching programs (ROABPs). This gives the desired explicit Noether Normalization unconditionally, up to quasipolynomial factors. As a consequence of our proof we give a deterministic parallel polynomial-time algorithm for deciding if two matrix tuples have intersecting orbit closures, under simultaneous conjugation. Finally, we consider the depth-3 diagonal circuit model as defined by Saxena [Sax08], as PIT algorithms for this model also have implications in Mulmuley's work. Previous works (such as [ASS13] and [FS12]) have given quasipolynomial size hitting sets for this model. In this work, we give a much simpler construction of such hitting sets, using techniques of Shpilka and Volkovich [SV09].

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization |

Subtitle of host publication | Algorithms and Techniques - 16th International Workshop, APPROX 2013 and 17th International Workshop, RANDOM 2013, Proceedings |

Pages | 527-542 |

Number of pages | 16 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2013 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 16th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2013 and the 17th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2013 - Berkeley, CA, United States Duration: Aug 21 2013 → Aug 23 2013 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 8096 LNCS |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Other

Other | 16th International Workshop on Approximation Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, APPROX 2013 and the 17th International Workshop on Randomization and Computation, RANDOM 2013 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Berkeley, CA |

Period | 8/21/13 → 8/23/13 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- General Computer Science