Experimental study of ventilation effectiveness and air velocity distribution in an aircraft cabin mockup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ventilation effectiveness in aircraft cabins is a critical factor for minimizing the cross-contamination of airborne pathogens exhaled by the passengers. In this study, a full-scale section of a Boeing 767 aircraft cabin containing thirty five mannequins was used for evaluating the ventilation effectiveness and characterizing the air distribution. Each mannequin was attached with a body heater and an outlet of carbon dioxide to simulate breathing. A set of experiment trials was conducted to measure the local mean age of air and the ventilation effectiveness factor (VEF) at the breathing level of the passengers. Carbon dioxide was used as the trace gas to determine the local mean age of air and the VEF. The air velocity profiles measured using a volumetric particle tracking velocimetry (VPTV) system was used to generate the airflow patterns and investigate the underlying mechanism affecting the local mean age of air and the VEF. In addition, measurements were conducted at different air supply rates to examine its effect on the ventilation performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-343
Number of pages7
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Aircraft cabin
  • Airflow
  • Indoor air quality
  • Local mean age of air
  • Ventilation effectiveness factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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