This paper describes experiments comparing a commercially available R410A heat pump and prototype R744 (carbon dioxide) system in heating mode. The R744 system utilizes aluminum microchannel heat exchangers and a prototype semi-hermetic compressor. System performance is compared for two configurations: first, when the R744 compressor speed is set to match the baseline system's heating capacity at 8.2 °C outdoors and 21.1 °C indoors; and second, when the air conditioning capacity is matched at 35 °C outdoors and 26.5 °C indoors. The R744 system operates with a slightly lower heating COP, but its higher capacity at lower outdoor temperatures reduces the need for less efficient supplementary heating capacity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering