Experimental investigations of combustion and emission characteristics of rapeseed oil-diesel blends in a two cylinder agricultural diesel engine

D. H. Qi, C. F. Lee, C. C. Jia, P. P. Wang, S. T. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The main objective of this paper was to study the performance, emissions and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using rapeseed oil-diesel blends. The main fuel properties of rapeseed oil (RSO) were investigated and compared with that of diesel fuel. The experimental results showed that the viscosity and density of the blends were decreased and approached to that of diesel fuel when RSO volume fraction was less than 20%. At low engine loads, the start of combustion for the blends was almost similar to that for diesel fuel, but the peak cylinder pressure and heat release rate were higher. At high engine loads, the start of combustion for the blends was slightly earlier than that for diesel fuel, but the peak cylinder pressure and heat release rate were identical. For the blends, there was slightly higher brake specific fuel consumptions (BSFC) and brake specific energy consumptions (BSEC) at low engine loads. Smoke emission was higher at low engine loads, but lower at high engine loads. Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission was observed slightly lower at low engine loads and almost identical at high engine loads. Carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emission were higher under all range of engine loads for the blends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Combustion characteristics
  • Emissions
  • Performance
  • Rapeseed oil-diesel blend
  • Vegetable oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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