An experimental investigation of the effect of the substrate on frost growth rate is presented. Measurements of frost height as a function of time are presented for a flat, bare, horizontally oriented aluminum substrate and four coated substrates, two hydrophilic and two hydrophobic. The average frost growth rate on the hydrophilic coated aluminum substrate is 13% higher than the control substrate, while the frost growth rate on the hydrophilic kapton substrate is 4% higher. Frost grows on the hydrophobic substrates at a rate 19% and 3% lower than the reference substrate for the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coated steel and PTFE tape, respectively. Differences in the receding and advancing contact angles for these substrates do not fully explain the difference in growth rates. Differences in initial water deposition, freezing, and frost growth on hydrophilic and hydrophobic substrates are examined using confocal microscopy. On the basis of the microscopic observations, we hypothesize that the water coverage on the substrate before and after freezing can affect the thermal resistance of the mature frost layer. Differences in thermal resistance, in turn, affect the growth rate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - 2000|
|Event||2000 ASHRAE Winter Meeting - Dallas, TX, USA|
Duration: Feb 5 2000 → Feb 9 2000
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering