Experimental behavior of low-ductility brace connection limit states

A. Davaran, R. Tremblay, T. Beland, L. A. Fahnestock, E. M. Hines

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In low-ductility, concentrically braced steel frames (CBFs) with traditional fillet welds between the gusset plates and slotted HSS braces, fracture of the fillet welds or net section rupture of the tube are viewed as the most likely connection failure modes. After such failure, the braces lose all their tensile strength but may still re-engage in compression to provide some degree of reserve strength to the structure. A test program was recently completed to verify the behavioral limit states and probable re-engagement strength of brace connections. Six specimens with slotted-HSS welded-gusset plate connections were examined in this research. The connection specimens were part of a 9-story prototype building with chevron CBFs located in eastern North America and designed with an R factor of 3.0. The connection specimens were proportioned to exhibit weld or net section rupture failure modes. The tests showed that connections can re-engage in compression after weld or net section rupture when the edge of the HSS slot comes into contact with the edge of the gusset plate. For slender gusset plates, connection buckling occurred due to the eccentricity resulting from unsymmetrical damage modes, such as coupled weld and net section ruptures, before substantial connection re-engagement can develop in bearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationStructures Congress 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 Structures Congress
EditorsGlenn R. Bell, Matt A. Card
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780784413357
StatePublished - 2014
EventStructures Congress 2014 - Boston, United States
Duration: Apr 3 2014Apr 5 2014

Publication series

NameStructures Congress 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 Structures Congress


OtherStructures Congress 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental behavior of low-ductility brace connection limit states'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this