Expectations for cross-ethnic inclusion by Asian American children and adolescents

Aline Hitti, Laura Elenbaas, Jee Young Noh, Michael T. Rizzo, Shelby Cooley, Melanie Killen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Asian American youth’s inclusion decisions were investigated in cross-ethnic peer contexts (Asian and non-Asian). Ten-, 13-, and 16-year-old participants (N = 134), enrolled in U.S. schools, decided whether to include a same-ethnic peer with different interests or a different-ethnic peer with similar interests. Findings showed that with age, participants more frequently included a peer who shared interests even when this peer was not of the same ethnicity. Participants expected their peer groups to be equally inclusive of others of both ethnic backgrounds, and expected that in-group parents would be less inclusive of cross-ethnic peers. In addition, adolescents expected parents to have prejudicial attitudes about ethnic out-group members. Views about peer group and in-group parents’ inclusivity diverged from adolescents’ own inclusivity. These findings point to areas for intervention regarding the promotion of cross-group friendships and the reduction of prejudice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)664-683
Number of pages20
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian American youth
  • inclusivity
  • prejudice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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