Exercise, brain, and cognition across the life span

Michelle W. Voss, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Arthur F. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This is a brief review of current evidence for the relationships between physical activity and exercise and the brain and cognition throughout the life span in non-pathological populations. We focus on the effects of both aerobic and resistance training and provide a brief overview of potential neurobiological mechanisms derived from non-human animal models. Whereas research has focused primarily on the benefits of aerobic exercise in youth and young adult populations, there is growing evidence that both aerobic and resistance training are important for maintaining cognitive and brain health in old age. Finally, in these contexts, we point out gaps in the literature and future directions that will help advance the field of exercise neuroscience, including more studies that explicitly examine the effect of exercise type and intensity on cognition, the brain, and clinically significant outcomes. There is also a need for human neuroimaging studies to adopt a more unified multi-modal framework and for greater interaction between human and animal models of exercise effects on brain and cognition across the life span.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1505-1513
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Aerobic training
  • Brain function
  • Brain structure
  • Mental health
  • Physical activity
  • Strength training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exercise, brain, and cognition across the life span'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this