Exercise and the Gut Microbiome: A Review of the Evidence, Potential Mechanisms, and Implications for Human Health

Lucy J. Mailing, Jacob M. Allen, Thomas W. Buford, Christopher J. Fields, Jeffrey A. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The gastrointestinal tract contains trillions of microbes (collectively known as the gut microbiota) that play essential roles in host physiology and health. Studies from our group and others have demonstrated that exercise independently alters the composition and functional capacity of the gut microbiota. Here, we review what is known about the gut microbiota, how it is studied, and how it is influenced by exercise training and discuss the potential mechanisms and implications for human health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalExercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • butyrate
  • endurance exercise
  • gut health
  • gut microbiota
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • short-chain fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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