Exercise and mood: A selective review and synthesis of research employing the profile of mood states

Bonnie G. Berger, Robert W. Motl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper highlights the use of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) in physical activity research by reviewing and synthesizing literature generated in exercise settings. The results of many studies using the POMS have supported the relationships between exercise and acute mood changes in normal populations and between exercise and chronic mood changes in clinical populations. Based on the multitude of studies utilizing the POMS, Berger and colleagues developed a preliminary taxonomy containing enjoyment, mode, and practice guidelines to help maximize the mood benefits associated with exercise. The POMS also has been employed to identify underlying mechanisms that may promote mood alteration. Unfortunately, there is no conclusive evidence that identifies a single mechanism or group of mechanisms as consistently influencing the exercise-mood relationship. Although knowledge of the relationship between exercise and mood alteration is substantial, much remains to be studied. Promising avenues for future investigation of exercise include mood changes in specific populations, environmental influences on mood alteration, and personal characteristics impacting mood alteration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-92
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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